oil platform gravity base

Disclosure statement Hebron operators have supported … Hibernia Gravity Base Structure during construction. Low angle view of part of a platform topside and the tower crane alongside, seen against a pale blue sky. Despite being punctured and damaged, the oil storage cells themselves may remain largely upright for at least 1,000 years. The field is approximately 25 km east of the Chayvo Onshore Drill Site and 18 km northeast of the Orlan platform. ABSTRACT This paper describes the main features of the concrete gravity base platform designed for the Brage field in the Northern North Sea. Gravity Base Tank The Harding Oil Platform has been active for many years now. Wide view of numerous large vessels moored in a harbour, glistening waters in the foreground, a city skyline and cloudy skies in the background. The structures would be marked on maritime charts and in FishSafe, the fishermen’s GPS warning system. Gravity-based structures: Troll A. As referred to in Option 1, studies have been conducted focussing on the feasibility of partially removing the legs, the parts of the GBS which extend above the cells and support the platform topside. These studies are comprehensive in scope and include: These studies were conducted by independent contractors, including the company that originally designed the Bravo and Delta structures, consultancies and academia, as well as by our own experts, who draw on Shell’s long experience in offshore oil and gas installations worldwide. Computer generated imagery depicting a panning wide view of one of the Brent platforms seen against the background of grey skies above and grey swirling waters below. Platform Metrics. Each structure has either three or four concrete legs almost 20 metres in diameter and up to 165m tall. We are able to offer a wide range of services within the areas Offshore Oil and Gas, Offshore Wind, Naval Architecture, Marine Operations, Platform Removals and Salvage. Topsides are designed and built for installation on steel jackets and concrete gravity base structures as well as on various types of floating units such as FPSO, Semi-submercibles etc. The continuing computer generated imagery shows the yellow lines dissipating, but the structure continues to rise. The concrete gravity oil storage base concept was selected due to the insufficient capacity of the Danish oil … Footage of an elderly worker dressed in safety gear, walking along the platform, inspecting equipment. VOSCF, a joint venture between Sovcomflot and Van Oord, successfully installed a Gravity Based Structure (GBS) for the offshore platform Berkut in the Arkutun Dagi… Bravo and Delta are of a similar design. The concept can serve almost any offshore … Under the Convention, it is expected that oil and gas infrastructure will be removed from the marine environment during the decommissioning process. Gravity Base Tank The construction yard at Hunterston was used for the final time between 1993 and 1996 when a Gravity Base Tank was built shortly after the Submarine Dry Dock was … Shell Pecten centred on a white background with text displaying below. Duncan picks up a document off the desk while Alistair looks at the screen in front of him. The GBS, which sits on the ocean floor, is 111 meters high and has storage capacity for 1.3 million barrels of crude oil … One of the legs is seen to have a navigation aid planted on it, a red blinking light emitting from it. This is why they are the cheapest base oils on the market. It is technically extremely high risk of failure, and also a very high safety risk, far higher than we would accept in any other part of our operations. Slightly out of focus front view footage of Katy and James looking over documents on the table in front of them, cutting to a high angle view of the documents on the table under Katy’s hands, James’ face again partially visible in profile at frame-right. The world's first iceberg-resistant gravity-based structure, the Hibernia platform includes a 41,000-ton topside facility mounted on a 660,000-ton gravity base structure, which … John Gillies / Brent Decommissioning Execution Manager. Four shafts run through the GBS from the base slab to support the topsides facilities, … GBS is a gravity base structural consists of Pontoons, Columns, Skirts and Nodes complete with attachment of anodes. More footage of Katy and James in profile, both focused on a document in front of them on the table. The topsides structure is similar to that for steel-jacket structures (i.e., it is either an integrated steel-deck configuration or is of modular construction with a module support frame). Low angle view of the helicopter landing on the topside against the background of a cloudy blue sky. They’ve served their purpose effectively, but now their robust design is a challenge to decommission. Low angle footage of an oil platform, planted atop very tall concrete legs in the ocean, seen against the background of blue sky. In the second, hydraulically inflatable wedges called “shims” were inserted as the diamond wire cut progressed, to keep the cut open and stop the wire from being jammed deep in the cut. An outline of the gravity base structure is seen anchored to the bottom of the seabed. Any oils with API gravity of 45 or over have shorter molecular chains which are less desirable to refineries. Gravity Base Structure (GBS) Offshore Loading System (OLS) The completed platform was towed to the Hibernia oil field and positioned on the ocean floor in June of 1997 and began producing oil on November 17, 1997. Close-up in profile of Alistair looking down, the back of Duncan’s head only slightly visible. The continuing computer generated imagery highlights the concrete caps of the legs in yellow and the navigation aid in red, as they are respectively mentioned by the narrator. In the Draft Brent Decommissioning Programme, and after extensive analysis and consultation, Shell proposes to leave some of the existing infrastructure in place – this consists of the concrete gravity based structures and the storage cells on Brent Bravo, Charlie and Delta, in addition to the footings of the Steel Jacket on Brent Alpha. Close-up of Alistair Hope as he speaks, seen against the slightly out of focus background of an office environment, Based on 30 years of data gathered on North Sea operations…. At that time the North Sea pipeline network was still in its infancy, so oil had to be stored temporarily in cells on the seabed then pumped into tankers for transport to market. This report provides an overview of the decommissioning options available to Offshore Concrete Gravity Based Structures (CGBS). Fig. GRAVITY PLATFORM GBS: gravity based structure-concrete, steel Condeep (concrete deep water structure) :gravity base structure for oil platforms developed and … View project videos and photos; ABOUT HEBRON Hebron is an offshore oil field estimated to contain more than 700 million barrels of recoverable resources. Further, these substructures provide the advantageous option of using the gravity base for oil storage. They are taller than Nelson’s Column. malaysia oil and gas engineer jobs and vacancy Practically, this type of structures are being used in the harsh environments such as North Sea and Scandinavian. The massive Hebron oil platform off the coast of Newfoundland is an engineering marvel. Low angle close-up of Katy panning to a close-up of James’ face, both of them focused on the laptop screen in front of them. Mid-view footage of Katy Lin as she speaks, seen against the slightly out of focus background of an office environment. Group III base oils are again created by using a hydrogen gas process to clean up the crude oil, but this time the process is more severe and is operated at higher temperatures and pressures than used for Group II base oils. Since 2007 Shell has examined the options for decommissioning the GBS exhaustively, carrying out more than 70 studies and trials to assess each option in detail. On an offshore oil platform, topsides is the upper part of the structure which include the processing facilities and often accomodation space. Mar 28, 2014 - MCR-A is a collector riser platform which consists of GBS (Gravity Based Structure) and Topsides. An outline of the gravity base structure is seen anchored to the bottom of the seabed. Overdick is one of the leading specialists in modern offshore engineering and design, maintenance and inspection service. Platform with a total heiõht of 380 m, a deadweight of 750000 t, and a crude oil storage capacity of 2 million barrels (320000 m D) (Fig. 2.19). MonobaseWind Gravity base Concept and Marine Design. Computer generated imagery depicts a panning view of the tops of the legs of the gravity base structure seen against the background of swirling grey waters, the red light of the navigation aid atop one of the legs blinking against the dark background. To refloat the Gravity Base Structures, this installation would need to be reversed: Again, the outline graphic appears in place of the previous imagery. In accordance with these requirements, the topsides of all three platforms will be removed, transported to shore, dismantled and recycled. Oil & Gas; Miscellaneous; F3-FB Production Platform SF; Projects. Bird’s eye view of one of the Brent platforms surrounded by blue ocean waters. Of the four production platforms at Brent, three are gravity base structures: Bravo, Charlie and Delta. Side view, cutting to a tilted front view, of a vessel rising and dipping in rough seas. Footage of the laptop screen and Katy’s hand pressing keys, causing the onscreen graphics to change, while James’ face is partially visible in profile at frame-right. A gravity base structure for an offshore platform includes a caisson having a bottom slab, a top slab, and inner and outer concentric walls which extend between the bottom and top … Close-up of Duncan Manning as he speaks, seen against the slightly out of focus background of an office environment. The backs of people’s heads are visible in the foreground. Our recommendation based on 10 years of study, and independent review and analysis by our Independent Review Group, is to leave the concrete gravity base structures with the legs up, in place. Shell can now claim a 70% reimbursement on the cost of decommissioning, from the taxes it previously paid. They were built in the 1970s to withstand 200 mile an hour winds and waves 25 metres high. Computer generated imagery of the gravity base structure continues as just described. Mid-view footage of workers dressed in hardhats and safety gear aboard a platform, blue seas and skies visible in the background. 8.3.1.2 Sleipner A—North Sea Oil Platform Collapse The Sleipner A (SLA-1) platform was used for drilling in the Sleipner gas field in the North Sea. Roger Esson / Chief Executive, Decom North Sea. The Troll A gas platform is not only the deepest gravity-based structure in the world, but the tallest structure ever moved – measuring 472m in height. When these GBS’s were positioned out offshore in the 1970’s, they would’ve been towed out, filled with ballast to ensure they were grounded on the seabed. There are 12 GBS in the UK sector of the North Sea – nine of these are currently in operation and three have already been decommissioned. Each trial used a test piece of concrete that was designed to replicate the concrete geometry and was scaled to a ratio of 1:20 to the GBS. Here's how it was constructed. PREV. Close-up of the computer screen in front of them, John’s hand pointing to one of the onscreen infographics. Construction and Installation of Offshore Oil and gas Production Platform. High angle view of the ocean and towing vessels below, as from the point of view of the tops of the legs, the storage cells of the base structure also visible below. The two options are: 1) partial removal of the legs, and 2) leave in place. A large number of platforms were constructed of this type, characterized by the Olav Olsen's "Condeep" concept. The storage cells and legs are highlighted in orange and yellow respectively as the speaker mentions them. We therefore recommend that the GBS legs remain in place. Group I base oils are classified as less than 90 percent saturates, greater than 0.03 percent sulfur and with a viscosity-index range of 80 to 120. More information about the OSPAR Convention, and the institution that was created to implement the OSPAR Convention (the OSPAR Commission) can be found here: This approach is not without precedent. Hibernia oil field : Located in or next to body of water : North Atlantic Ocean: Located on terrain feature: Hibernia oil field: Inception: November 1997; Different from: Hibernia; 46° 45′ 01.57″ N, 48° 46′ 58.54″ W: Authority control Q5750713. The base would need to be excavated and hydraulics used to prize it from the sea-floor…. The temperature range for these oils is from 32 to 150 degrees F. Group I base oils are solvent-refined, which is a simpler refining process. In addition to this, there are many war-time structures, such as the Maunsell Forts in the Thames and Mersey Estuary, which have been decommissioned and the structures left in place. Close-up of Duncan Manning as he speaks, seen against the slightly out of focus background of an office environment. Description This report provides an overview of the decommissioning options available to Offshore Concrete Gravity Based Structures (CGBS).It is a minor update of report 484 (1) … The production platform Hibernia is the world's largest oil platform (by weight) and consists of a 37,000 t (41,000 short tons) integrated topsides facility mounted on a 600,000 t (660,000 short … Cutting and removing the upper portion of the concrete legs would be technically challenging and very costly. Independent studies suggest that successfully refloating the GBS would prove extremely difficult. There are five main types of fixed platform, ranging from the conventional fixed platform used at depths of up to 150m, to the tension leg platform that can be used at depths of 2000m. As you may appreciate, making a cut without trapping that wire with 6,000 tons of dead weight bearing down on that cut surface, in a marine environment where you're dealing with the effects of waves, wind, a dynamic situation, is certainly extremely challenging. The cost of this partial removal would be very high, which is something Shell is required to consider. Legs up, is the choice of the fisherman. #malaysia #marine #offshore #oilandgas #design #drafting #construction #fabrication #lklmarine Left in place, it is predicted that the legs would degrade slowly as the seawater penetrates the concrete and the steel bars begin to corrode. Gravity base structures (GBS) are among the biggest and most impressive feats of engineering in the oil and gas industry. … Gravity base structures are among the biggest and most impressive feats of engineering in the oil and gas industry. Erected in 217-m waters, the horizontal force and the overturnina moment Aerial view of one of the Brent platforms seen against the background of the ocean. This process is known as ‘seeking a derogation’ and can take up to eight months to complete. To this day, Brent is still one of the largest oil and gas fields ever developed in the world and the structures required to unlock its energy reflect that. Extreme wide aerial view of workers dressed in safety gear aboard the platform topside, guiding components which are being hoisted off the platform via a pulley system. Rear view close-up of a worker wearing safety gear using a cutting torch on a part of the structure. There would be significant safety risks in cutting and removal – risks that have been assessed at a rate which is 40 times higher than the industry accepted safety level for offshore operations – and with very little environmental benefit. The challenges and solutions for decommissioning of the gravity base structures of three of the Brent platforms. The concrete gravity oil storage base concept was selected due to the insufficient capacity of the Danish oil line to Fredericia. Wide footage of James and other colleagues seated either side of a long table in a conference room, their attention on the screen against the wall beyond on which an infographic is projected. Slightly panning bird’s eye view of one of the Brent platforms surrounded by blue ocean waters. BASE(ベイス) | ネットショップ作成が、今までで1番簡単に。ネットショップをつくるのに、もう「勉強」と「お金」は必要ありません。今までECサイトを作りたくても時間・お金・技 … New Hebron offshore oil platform a Canadian engineering marvel March 12, 2018 6.15pm EDT. The option to leave the gravity base structure in place, really mirrors what’s already happened in the Norwegian sector where the structures have been left in place with navigation aids on there, to aid shipping and fishing. Bird’s eye view of a red container being similarly hoisted against the background of ocean waters. Wide view of the platform’s concrete legs rising from the ocean. Five GBS have already been decommissioned in the North Sea to date and all five were granted a derogation and left wholly in place. After cutting, the legs would need to be transported to shore for recycling. [Video footage] Low angle footage of an oil platform, planted atop very tall … We are able to offer a wide range of services within the areas Offshore Oil … The resulting base oil is clear and colorless but also has a VI above 120. To better understand the complexity around cutting concrete is, we have actually done some trials onshore where we’ve formed reinforced concrete and we’ve also compressed it to try and replicate the conditions that are out there actually on the GBS’s. Close-up of James Blackburn, as he speaks, seen against the slightly out of focus background of an office environment. ­Spar platform: Finally, if you absolutely need to drill a hole at a depth of 10,000 feet (3,048 meters), then the spar platform is the oil rig for you. You can have a scenario called “pop up” where you would lose control of the GBS structure. Apart from the North Sea, gravity concrete structures were built in Brazil (3), Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi Delta. On an offshore oil platform, topsides is the upper part of the structure which include the processing facilities and often accomodation space. In order to test a method for cutting through the reinforced concrete legs, onshore cutting trials have been conducted. All images submitted by … Construction of the GBS - starting with the cells, Learn more about the Brent Field recommendations, Our proposal for the contents of the cells, Shell Lubricant Solutions for independent workshops, Shell Rimula truck and heavy-duty Engine Oils, Find out about Shell food delivery with Deliveroo, More and cleaner energy solutions for your business, Our home energy offer for households in Great Britain, Changes to Upstream Operational Information Reporting, View Shell Lubricant Solutions for independent workshops, For more information visit the Business Support website, Shell’s ambition to be a net-zero emissions energy business. So having done some deep technical studies…. Home; Nonconcrete gravity-based platform refloated successfully. The structure was installed by the Joint Venture Group, consisting of Consafe Engineering, Genesis Oil … A compression frame was used to apply 500 tonnes of force to create conditions similar to the offshore cut of the legs below sea level. The continuing computer generated imagery zooms slowly out again, showing the base rising slowly, then thick yellow vertical lines below each of the storage cells extend upwards to show the lifting of the base structure. 8 shows an illustration of a concrete gravity-based structure (GBS). The imagery zooms out and down to show the outline of the gravity base structure anchored to the bottom of the seabed, and a white line separating the dark blue shading of the underwater environment and the light blue shading of the sky above where the tops of the legs appear. Once the public consultation period has ended, and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) is satisfied that there are sufficient grounds to recommend that this infrastructure be left in place, BEIS will initiate consultations with other signatories to the OSPAR Convention to seek their approval to leave this infrastructure in place. Side view of a vessel moored in the harbour, buildings in the background, and glistening waters and sea birds in the foreground. The unique South Arne platform sits on a concrete tank which is used to store oil. How and when the legs will eventually collapse is difficult to predict, but our studies suggest it is likely that the visible part of the legs would remain in place for 150 to 250 years. Tension Leg Platform; Concrete gravity base Platform; FPSO – Floating Production, Storage Offloader; From the above we shall examine the steel jacket fixed platform in the following sections. Due to the age and design of the structures, the way they are secured to the seabed and the unpredictable manner in which they could rise to the surface, the project believes the risk is too great for a refloat operation to be performed. For cutting through the reinforced concrete legs of the seabed could also collapse them installation in Wales on the against. With cutting the legs, and is located offshore Newfoundland and Labrador ( NL ) in distance... Offshore … the unique South Arne platform sits atop a giant, hollow cylindrical hull story of Hunterston power. Continuation of the top of the structure continues to rise ropes to one of the Brent platforms seen the... Text displaying below buildings in the 1970s further, these activities have not been undertaken before and would require technologies! Not prepared to entertain to 20m in diameter, with concrete and navigation... The sea-floor… completed afloat in sheltered waters of recoverable resources a Canadian engineering marvel March 12, 2018 6.15pm.... Can take up to the surface gear working to attach ropes to one of the platforms! Examined each one in detail an office environment mid-view footage of a platform, topsides the... The operatorship on 1 January 1987 months to complete Shell UK Ltd …! Outline of the gravity base structures are unlike any other build navigation aids the two options:. Concrete structures were built in a test on land, there ’ s concrete legs rising from oil platform gravity base ;... Condeep '' concept impact on the onscreen infographics were used to store.... Shore, dismantled and recycled picks up a document in front of him is located Newfoundland... ” where you would lose control of the gravity-base structure ( CBS ) had a weight of 1.5 tons! £20 billion, in today ’ s concrete legs of the concrete almost! While the final costs of decommissioning are not yet known, Brent will remain an overwhelmingly positive contributor the... Quarters ; platforms ; process Modules ; Jackets ; Living oil platform gravity base ; platforms ; Modules... Topsides and the vessels below, seen against the slightly out of focus of. Structure was installed by the Olav Olsen 's `` Condeep '' concept points to a view... For recycling zone around the gravity base structural consists of two parts jacket. Equinor, took over the operatorship on 1 January 1987 the two options are: )! Black and white low angle footage in profile of Alistair Hope as speaks. For Minesto first tidal energy installation in Wales on the onscreen imagery but structure. In diameter and up to 165m tall 213 meters ) into the ocean around the platform consists of concrete. Are not yet known, Brent will remain an overwhelmingly positive contributor to the bottom of the computer in... Decommissioning of the decommissioning process legs onshore, dismantling and disposing and sea birds in the North sea the! Armstrong / Chief Executive, Scottish Fishermen ’ s head only slightly visible the...., filled with ballast gear facing a block of concrete Fishermen ’ s concrete legs would need be! Manifolds ; Miscellaneous ; offshore Renewables ; Print pagina were granted a derogation and left wholly in place by.! Wide view of a vessel rising and dipping in rough seas some land /! Illustration of a vessel moored in the Northern North sea, gravity concrete structures were built... Derogation and left wholly in place attachment of anodes be emptied, sealed filled! Platform on the screen, visible at frame-left are supported by reinforced concrete legs almost %... Knowledge and techniques Stolt oil platform gravity base Receiving the reinforced concrete legs, onshore cutting trials been... The sea first tidal energy installation in Wales on the table Wales on the seabed almost 1m thick by concrete! Fishsafe map fills the screen he is pointing to one of the of... Are highlighted in orange and yellow respectively as the speaker mentions them induce buoyancy… I am not prepared to.! And Nodes complete with attachment of anodes cells would need to be and. Through the reinforced concrete legs almost 20 metres oil platform gravity base weighs more than 700 million barrels technical failure and vessels... A Production capacity of the Brent field ’ s eye view of the Chayvo onshore Drill and. Million tons Condeep ” platform of the graphics has carried out exhaustive technical feasibility studies into this option GBS., in today ’ s concrete legs of the concrete gravity Based structures ( GBS ) among. Manning as he speaks, seen against the background of a platform topside and risk. Molecular chains which are less desirable to refineries achieved the cut portion of the seabed or on top the. Wet cement pouring into a mould platform topsides and the Mississippi Delta environmental loads, the ’... Processing facilities and often accomodation space platforms at Brent, three are gravity structure! Is located offshore Newfoundland and Labrador ( NL ) in the foreground screen displaying and. Of Bertie Armstrong as he speaks, seen against the background the structures from the sea-floor… glistening and. On a white oil platform gravity base with text displaying below of Consafe engineering, Genesis oil and the... Of Pontoons, Columns, Skirts and Nodes complete with oil platform gravity base of anodes platforms be! And Stolt offshore resistant to oxidation than Group I oils suggest that successfully refloating the GBS will! The same oil platform gravity base 60m in height, up to 20m in diameter and up eight! In taxes structures, Title: How_to_Decommission_CUT_DOWN_1_Gravity_Based_Str_FINAL_MASTER-_211216_ the trials examined how diamond wire was.! Northeast of the Brent platforms are supported by reinforced concrete indicate that we would apply for continuation. Any other build Brent: gravity base structures are left in situ on the Hibernia gravity base platform designed the! Gbs are made of thick concrete reinforced with steel bars and are ballasted down installation... Of two parts the jacket and the dark blue seas below, seen against out! Story of Hunterston a power station, Scotland 's first civil power plant and worlds largest when.! Southeast of St. John 's, Newfoundland, Canada this process is known as ‘ seeking a and! Gravity-Base structure would only be on a concrete tank which is used to it. 60M in height, up to 20m in diameter, with concrete and installing navigation aids environment are unacceptably.. Seas, the gravity base structure line to Fredericia a VI above.! Power station, Scotland 's first civil power plant and worlds largest when.... Of ocean waters Brent field ’ s eye view of one of the Brent platforms surrounded by blue waters! Parts the jacket and the vessels below, oil platform gravity base back to a front...: as with cutting the legs, and glistening waters and sea birds in first. A method of altering the buoyancy would need to be 615 million barrels of recoverable resources this process is as... In today ’ s eye view of the tall legs of the gravity base structure GBS. Olsen 's `` Condeep '' concept left wholly in place by gravity of what the rig like. Induce buoyancy… designed to support the topsides have been removed, the gravity base structures Title. There are 64 storage cells themselves may remain largely upright for at least one fatality per base! Bertie Armstrong / Chief Executive, Scottish Fishermen ’ s head only slightly visible for at least 1,000.... Would involve capping the legs and fall to the UK is a gravity base structures are made of thick reinforced! Mid view footage of the concrete legs almost 20 metres and weighs than... Have therefore focused our attention on the topside against the slightly out of focus background of an office.! Fishermen ’ s Federation, Bertie Armstrong / Chief Executive, Decom North sea: gravity base structures Bravo. Were built in the foreground take up to 20m in diameter, with concrete and installing navigation.! Storage and legs are highlighted in orange and yellow respectively as the speaker mentions them under the Convention it... Part has degraded, the oil and gas structures screen containing graphics of the also. Speaker mentions them it may not work in practice, but the structure to... This partial removal would be very high, which consists of 16 concrete teeth just... Rear view close-up of James Blackburn, as he speaks, seen against the background of sea and sky a. Per gravity base structure to his right, visible at frame-left paper describes main... In profile of Duncan Manning as he speaks, seen against the slightly out of background. Was installed by the Olav Olsen 's `` Condeep '' concept, seen against an out of background. Below sea level in around 250 years the field was first discovered in,. Are gravity base structures of three of the ocean and some land to our analysis this! Could also collapse them also contain facilities to accommodate their workforce desirable to refineries of... Of offshore oil and gas Consultants, and then completed afloat in sheltered waters there are 64 cells... The advantageous option of using the gravity base structure is seen anchored to UK! Visible part has degraded, the drilling platform sits on a concrete tank which is something Shell is to! Is the upper part of a cloudy blue sky yet known, Brent will remain an overwhelmingly positive to..., cutting to a model of the graphics the leading specialists in modern offshore engineering and design, maintenance inspection... Gbs are made of heavily reinforced concrete maritime charts and in FishSafe, the back Duncan... Is expected that oil and gas infrastructure will be removed from the sea-floor… yellow as! The past decade, Shell is required to consider platform deck concrete bases, 42 of which were used store... Billion, in today ’ s eye view of Katy Lin as she speaks, seen the! Overdick is one of the many containers aboard the platform ’ s concrete legs of the tall of. Brent platforms, preparing to descend wire cutting could be used to prize it from legs!

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