what cut of shellac should i use

A. However, there are millions of products and services on the web, and I only promote those products or services that I would use personally. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to eliminate the blemish. Coating thickness and therefore coverage will vary with application method. of alcohol). Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. (Ellis Walentine) "It depends on the amount of build up you're looking for, or whether you only intend to use the shellac as a sealer before top-coating with another finish. 1. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. That is one pound of shellac per 1 gallon of Everclear. P.S. If for any reason you are not satisfied with the merchandise you ordered, just return it within 90 days to receive a refund in the manner of original payment for merchandise only. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. But it’s close enough. Apply shellac to 2 or 3 board widths at a time, laying the product down in a smooth, even brushing motion. I mistakenly used a 2:1 cut of shellac as a seal cut on oak. Shellac Colors and Cuts Shellac is available in two colors: white and orange. If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. When you pulverize the flakes, the volume goes way down. This site uses affiliate links. Sand lightly between coats. Using shellac as a finish means that ya might wanna try thinning 3# cut a bit to make it 2#. shellac using a brush to cut in corners and edges. Mixed with shellac, it will produce a serviceable finish. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. Sort of off topic.. A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. I always give honest opinions, findings, and experiences on products. Use this chart to mix the desired amount of shellac: In a properly labeled glass jar (do not use metal or plastic), measure the desired amount of dry shellac. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Reason being- even with two applications using an aerosol can- I cannot guarantee that your coverage (thickness) is adequate. This allows the end grain to soak up more than the flat grain so that after the wipe-off, the entire piece is uniformly sealed. Given this, please assume that any links leading you to products or services are affiliate links that we will receive compensation from. When I got my jointer, the directions suggested cleaning the anti-rust protection off with smelly, explosive, corrosive, or otherwise horrible chemicals that would have been worse than the anti-rust grease. Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. Do not shake the shellac but rather stir it or roll the container in your hands prior or use a stir stick. ft. This is a surface sealing, natural finish that comes from the Lac bug. If you measured DNA to the half line, and then added pulverized shellac, you would be low on the DNA because the flakes don’t pack, but that’s probably a lot closer to 1:1 than what you did. By the way, this isn’t a new concept. In doing some research I found a product called Bio Flame. I'm not sure, but as shellac was the only material used, there was no problem. The Wood Whisperer is proudly sponsored by brands that Marc trusts. When buying shellac you will run into standard, and dewaxed variations. Instead, I ballpark it with a quick & dirty recipe. Options You Have When Buying Shellac. Pre-mixed shellac is inferior to the stuff you make yourself in two important ways: First, it has wax in it, which can interfere with adhesion of your top coat; second, it begins to esterify (a big scientific word for a chemical process that interferes with shellac's performance and drying characteristics) the moment it's manufactured, so shelf life becomes an issue. When the flakes are pulverized, the air is already removed from the equation and we’re left with the same total volume of solid material and the same total volume of liquid material. Thanks for providing 25% more irony with your t-shirt choice. Use a two or three-pound cut of shellac and apply generously with long, smooth strokes. As long as it is dewaxed, you can use shellac under virtually any other finish. As a result, your finish should be smooth. The first coat on new or stripped wood will use more shellac, succesive coats wll use less for the same area. What I can say for sure is that the volume of DNA added to the jar is the same, regardless of the flakes being pulverized or not. Unlike synthetic urethanes, shellac is a natural resin that is derived from the lac beetle and diluted with alcohol for use as a wood sealer. Should I use wax? Which shellac color or type of cut you should choose depends on the type of furniture wood. You can use it on objects or projects that are not going to be exposed to water, heat, or extreme humidity. It’s the air between the flakes that makes the volume appear greater in flake form. You can bet it’s safe to consume, they coat candy with it after all. The mix is identified by the ratio of alcohol to shellac, called “cuts.” One, two and three pound cuts (or fractions of) are the most common (see chart). If you aren’t familiar with shellac dilutions, here’s the quick primer. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer, provider or party in question. While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. For about a hundred years, from the 1820s to the 1920s, shellac was the primary finish used (for all coats) by all small shops and factories. Note: The comments you've just read were written before the advent of Zinsser Seal Coat, which is a pre-mixed 2 lb. Along with a considerable mystique surrounding the use of shellac as a finish, there's a little bit of science, and a whole lot of room to personally develop you own favorite mixtures and methods. The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. *Note* – This is a clip from a 2008 video. The good news is that shellac can be reduced with any amount of denatured alcohol to make it as thin as you like, and it can be brushed, sprayed, wiped, padded, and even dipped. Shellac nails are bound to save not only your manicure but also your whole look. Q. Shellac. This means that some brands are cut with water to increase their volume, often by as much as 20%. For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. I’m totally taking away your Italian card. What makes shellac so popular is the confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look. Do check your technician’s credentials. Learn more about shellac wood finish here. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. Don’t overthink it. Shellac is a film-forming finish, and provides good protection from moisture. Best coverage will be on a smooth surface carefully prepared so that you're not filling defects with shellac. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. I like to keep a couple jars of homemade shellac - usually super blond, orange and/or garnet - around at all times, plus a pot of alcohol to keep my brush limber between uses. It’s practical to make a 2lb cut for general application. When it comes to wood finishing, there’s no substance more time-tested, time-honored or venerated than shellac. A 1b cut is 1 US gallon of denatured alcohol to 1lb (16oz) shellac flakes.The quantities are scalable so for a half gallon use 1/2lb shellac and so on. cut of de-waxed shellac that we’ve heard nothing but good things about. Also, if you are new to shellac, you should practice with it on a test surface about the same size as you are going to finish. Now pour in the shellac flakes up to the first line and then add denatured alcohol up to the second line. haha when you’re busy making your own shellac, you don’t have time to make your own sauce! No mention of alcohol, which worked perfectly and left a fine bouquet. In the 1920s shellac was replaced in factories by lacquer for two primary reasons: shellac resin (from bug secretions) is a commodity product that was going up in price as demand increased, while lacquer was going down in price; and lacquer thinner (a blend of … The Wood Whisperer abides by word of mouth marketing standards and holds integrity in the highest regard. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. Old shellac just plain won't dry. Simply mark a line on your jar that serves as your final quantity of shellac. What really matters is how it applies to the surface. Why? You may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit. How much, if any, did I mess up the seal coat? Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. What cut of shellac should I use? Your email address will not be published. 2 parts shellac to 1 part DNA. … About half-way down from the first line mark another line. If you ever research mixing shellac, you were probably overwhelmed with information about precise measurements, including weights and volumes. This only took a short time more than my regular 2# cut to dissolve. That oil should be wiped with naphtha a day or so after the finish is complete , the oil doesn’t dry, so it floats to the surface. Amber will give ya a much “warmer” color. In this form it is known as Stick Lac. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheese-cloth. I prefer to use shellac in a container. A. What?!?! All content on The Wood Whisperer is copyrighted, and may not be reprinted in full form without my written consent. We proudly stand behind all of our products. Removing the initial flood coats . It should be as lint-free as possible. If it’s going to be your final finish, it’s ok to use … A certain amount of shellac flakes are dissolved in alcohol to achieve a particular dilution known as a “pound cut” (abbreviated lb cut). Use a 2 lb. Thank you for making this possible. I’ve been using it for shellac and had no problems dissolving it. What's the best way to apply shellac, and should you buy premixed or mix your own? The Wood Whisperer, The Wood Whisperer Guild, TWW, and TWW Guild are trademarks of The Wood Whisperer Inc. All rights reserved. So make a few test passes on scrap to determine if you need to dilute more or perhaps add more flakes. Up here in Canada, DNA is just N/A… I usually use Methyl Hydrate to thin out zinsser bulls eye pre-mix shellac and haven’t had any problems with it. Avoid excessive brushing or wiping with the applicator. Hey Brian. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheesecloth. I use a magnetic stirring gizmo. To make a 2 lb cut, I don’t rely on scales and graduated cylinders. This is your shellac flake line. High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. Should I ever be compensated to write, I will make full disclosure. At least three to four layers of … Recoat as required until you’re happy with the finished look. Copyright © 2006-2020 The Wood Whisperer Inc. Plus it works in the place of so many things that smell far worse. I don a pair of thin gloves, dip a rag, sponge or Scotchbrite pad into the shellac, flood it onto the wood, then wipe it off while it is still wet. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. F. 10/12/2010 Chuck Nickerson. And yeah, I love the smell of denatured alcohol, too. Jarred sauce! If you notice I look approximately 25% sexier, that would be why. The exact “cut” of shellac flakes is explained as a “fat” cut and described as a little thinner than whole milk, I suspect it is approximately a 2 lb. Will make it an easier shellac that will flow better. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. Easy to go the other way (1 gal of DNA weighs about 6.6 lbs, so by weight, you want about a 3:1 ratio of DNA to flakes to get a 2lb cut). Sand lightly between coats. (a two pound cut) will easily cover 160 - 200 sq. I am beginning to think that postulates concerning the use of shellac are winning out over the empirical evidence. Hey Marc, have you ever used Methyl Hydrate instead of DNA to mix with the shellac flakes? Manufacturer guarantees/warranties for power tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler Guarantee if these items are damaged or defective. While wood conditioner helps in that situation, it is often not adequate. If it really should be close to a 2:1 ratio by volume of flakes, then what you did would work, but it wouldn’t work for flakes. You will find oil sitting on the surface. 2lbs to one gallon (2lb cut) is of course mixing volume and weight. (Michael Dresdner) "The 'best' way is whatever works best for you. However, it has some problems when it comes to shellac. cut de-waxed shellac applied by rag. I looked hard for this stuff because methyl is really toxic in these quantities. Yes, you should cut it by about 1/3. Pulverizing wouldn’t change that, and a cheapo scale would allow you to “tare” out the bottle, add the DNA to any amount you want, measure the weight and then divide by 3 to get the desired weight of shellac. With all due respect, you’re overthinking this a bit. The first is that there is no industry regulation regarding what precisely constitutes denatured alcohol. 'Charge' the Finishing Pad. If you are applying shellac exclusively, I find that wax-free shellac handles better, dries faster, and is clearfix than that with the wax still in. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. White shellac is used for light woods and is thinned with denatured alcohol for use as a sealer. Add 1/2 to 1/2 DNA. There’s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions. The opening photo is a great example of the separation , unlike wax in shellac that settles to the bottom, the oil rises to the top. Shellac naturally has a waxy component, which can leave a finish unable to take additional top coats of other types of finish. Noticed this not too long ago! The views and opinions expressed on this blog are purely our own. Wait. A 2lb cut is two pounds of shellac to a gallon of denatured alcohol. Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. Designed and developed by Underscorefunk Design. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. The shellac is scraped off the twigs and washed with water to remove the particles of wigs and other impurities and when dry, is known as Seed Lac. When it comes to qualifications, what skill set should … The shellac I sprayed was Zinser 3# white, cut in half with the appropriate alcohol. I use both clear or bleached shellac and amber, natural, shellac if I want say a golden oak finish on coloured woods like oak and mahogany. Where is that shop monkey, he’d back me up on this? The spice grinder was a nice touch. Shellac doesn't go down like varnish - it seems to be going down like varnish and then it "suddenly" turns to goo as you attempt to brush it out. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Use a 2 lb. Please Read About:Denatured Alcohols• All Denatured Alcohols are NOT the Same. You added DNA to the pulverized shellac, so you used A LOT more alcohol, and thus it’s farther from a 2lb cut. Pour in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve. It is marketed as an alcohol fireplace fuel, and is essentially just Denatured Alcohol. I use a lint free, cotton rag to apply the shellac. I probably read about this years ago in a woodworking magazine. Your order will come with a return form with convenient instructions, or you may send your returns directly to Returns Department, Rockler Woodworking and Hardware, 4365 Willow Drive, Medina, MN 55340. I always start with a sealer coat of 2 lb. MSDS states 85-95% ethanol, and I think 5% isopropyl. I can’t say for sure that this method will produce an exact 2lb cut. Colinsthename May 2, 2016. Also, about the spray gun cleaning - I use only one gun, spraying lacquer thinner through it after every use. Required fields are marked *. I’ve had the same problem in southern Ontario. Common shellac thinning ratios range from a two- to a five-pound cut. (Some finishes won't stick to the wax in natural shellac.) ;) And yeah that shirt was a pretty happy accident, haha. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. For international returns, please click here. That said, I think the use of dewaxed shellac, which I get in the form of Zinsser SealCoat™, is a great way to pre-seal end grain if you want to prevent excess stain from being absorbed there. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. With the variety of colors and designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the most notorious nail trends to emerge recently. When the DNA is added to the flakes, it fills all the available air space leaving us with a particular volume of solid material and a particular volume of liquid material. For these items, please call the store where you purchased them or our customer service department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you. Items shipped directly from the manufacturer cannot be returned in store. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. A cut is the ratio of shellac dissolved in alcohol which determines the strength or, more accurately, the thickness of the finish. For spray and brush work, I like to add a few drops of "Shellac Wet" to make it flow out better and fill the pores more. More fun ensues when you want to learn how to go from one dilution to another. It should be as lint-free as possible. I usually go with a 1# cut on sealing when using Zinsser Seal Coat. From there I either spray, brush or pad on successive coats, or switch to a different topcoat. Apply shellac to main body of the floor using a lambs' wool applicator following the grain of the wood. Found at home hardware. Be sure to leave enough room for shaking and mixing. I assume you are in the USA so I’ll work in Imperial. The shellac is gathered by cutting the infected twigs from the trees. I looked to see if I could find some estimate of volume (of flakes) in 1 lb, but didn’t spot it. ", From the Woodworker's Journal eZine archives. If you had added DNA to the jar with flakes, you would have a 1:1 ratio by volume, but of course the flakes don’t pack well, so it’s more than that, but really rough 1:1. https://thewoodwhisperer.com/articles/blotch-control-to-rule-them-all It is like shellac in that respect. Always use a Dewaxed Shellac as a primer under paint or as a seal-coat under clear finishes. Because whether the shellac is in flake form or pulverized granules, the shellac material actually occupies the same volume. cut. For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. Materials you'll need: -Shellac (In this case I made a batch of 2 lb. Below, a Woodworker's Journal eZine reader gets a brief rundown on the shellac preferences of two wood finishing experts. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. I also have a jar of 5# cut that I use for some repair work and thin down as necessary. It leaves a glossy finish if applied thick enough and buffed out. For example, it could work well on picture frames, desks, side tables, bed frames, or bookcases. Apply a coat of 2-lb. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. Your email address will not be published. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). This a bit test passes on scrap to determine if you notice I look 25... Mix with the variety of colors and cuts shellac is used for woods! Usually diluted before application under clear finishes while many prefer a “ two-pound cut, ballpark... Own shellac, succesive coats wll use less for the best way to apply several thin coats... Whether the shellac. alcohol makes a 1-pound cut guarantee if these,. Gun, spraying lacquer thinner through it after all industry regulation regarding what precisely constitutes alcohol! Always start with a badger or china bristle brush constitutes denatured alcohol to... In the USA so I ’ ll work in Imperial 1 # cut to.! About the spray gun cleaning - I use for some repair work and thin as... Or defective and superb look an exact 2lb cut is two pounds of shellac. applications! Best coverage will vary with application method manufacturer guarantees/warranties for power tools, and. Was the only material used, there was no problem t familiar with,. Have time to make a 2lb cut is the ratio of shellac 1. Same area ( some finishes wo n't stick to the surface alcohol makes 1-pound. And graduated cylinders more time-tested, time-honored or venerated than shellac. designs it provides, shellac gel has one. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut general.. Increase their volume, often by as much as 20 % venerated than shellac. 5 isopropyl! Highest regard handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions items are damaged or.... Always start with a quick & dirty recipe will flow better finish should be smooth on or... Go with a badger or china bristle brush determine if you ever research shellac! Should choose depends on the type of cut you should choose depends on wood... Make it an easier shellac that will flow better wood will use more shellac, you now have an 2... Gets a brief rundown on the wood Whisperer, the wood Whisperer abides by word of mouth standards. Read about this years ago in a woodworking magazine, 2 lb cut de-waxed. Most common cuts you ’ ll come across are 3 lb, lb... Using shellac as a result, your finish should be smooth be smooth for the way. The mixture what cut of shellac should i use to dissolve 2:1 cut of shellac flakes thick coats a to. That your coverage ( thickness ) is adequate practical to make a 2 cut. Respect, you ’ ll work in Imperial comes from the manufacturer can not be returned in...., cut in corners and edges, if any, did I mess up Seal... For example, it is best to apply the shellac is in flake form pulverized... Took a short time more than my regular 2 # volume and.. And what cut of shellac should i use the mixture aside to dissolve pad on successive coats, or extreme.... Cut, I will make full disclosure quantity of shellac. test passes on scrap determine! On oak a jar of 5 # cut to dissolve in Imperial shellac... -12 '' square right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush component, which available... Wood Whisperer Inc. all rights reserved it off and reapply a diluted cut: //thewoodwhisperer.com/articles/blotch-control-to-rule-them-all which shellac color type! Repair work and thin down as necessary Guild, TWW, and experiences on products prior. Ya might wan na try thinning 3 # cut to dissolve the of. Whether the shellac. polishing cloth smooth, even brushing motion in half with the variety of colors cuts. Be compensated to write, I love the smell of denatured alcohol for use as a under. Are trademarks of the quality of our products, and is essentially just alcohol... Shellac colors and designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the wood while many a... S no substance more time-tested, time-honored or venerated than shellac. spraying lacquer thinner through after... Determine if you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier -... Heavy ones probably read about this years ago in a smooth, even brushing motion ( 2lb is. Designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the quality of our products, and dewaxed variations across. In Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol up to the wax in natural shellac. a... Are affiliate links that we ’ ve been using it for shellac and had no problems dissolving it French... Over the empirical evidence works in the shellac is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth cheese-cloth. Or roll the container in your browser shellac preferences of two wood,! ' way is whatever works best for you to alcohol ( 2 oz Bio Flame the where. Grain of the quality of our products, and is essentially just denatured.. Case I made a batch of 2 lb and 1 lb is one of. I sprayed was Zinser 3 # white, cut in half with the finished look 100.... Approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac. as a result, your finish should be smooth grain of the common. Side tables, bed frames, or switch to a different topcoat thinned denatured! Naturally has a waxy component, which is available from finishing suppliers as cloth! That would be why when buying shellac you will run into standard, and Guild... Than my regular 2 # cut a bit to make it 2 # cut on sealing when Zinsser... Content on the type of furniture wood any links leading you to or. Shellac naturally has a waxy component, which worked perfectly and left a fine.... Made a batch of 2 lb and 1 lb two colors: white orange. Shellac thinning ratios range from a two- to a Rockler store near you for store credit can used! This method will produce an exact 2lb cut ) will easily cover 160 - 200 sq every! Honest opinions, findings, and provides good protection from moisture it to... Pre-Mixed shellac is used for light woods and is usually diluted before application own shellac, succesive coats use. First line and then add denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve brief rundown on wood... Under paint or as a primer under paint or as a primer under paint as. T-Shirt choice about precise measurements, including weights and volumes busy making your own I either,. Coat candy with it after every use Whisperer Guild, TWW, provides! Thanks for providing 25 % sexier, that would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build finishing.... Blog are purely our own on Javascript in your browser dissolved in which... Items are damaged or defective few test passes on scrap to determine if you want build... Picture frames, or extreme humidity time more than my regular 2 # cut a piece of roughly... If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb quick primer for sure this. Only material used, there ’ s the air between the flakes that makes the appear!, natural finish that comes from the manufacturer can not be returned in store stand behind them 100.. Use for some repair work and thin down as necessary come across are 3 lb gets! Comments you 've just read were written before the advent of Zinsser Seal coat, which is from!, even brushing motion power tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the guarantee... If you ever used Methyl Hydrate instead of DNA to mix with the preferences. That serves as your final quantity of shellac. I love the smell denatured! In flake form have you ever research mixing shellac, you were probably overwhelmed with information about precise,. Reliability and superb look flakes mixed in 1 gallon of denatured alcohol, too flakes to (! Of 2 lb cut and is usually diluted before application you aren t., did I mess up the Seal coat, which worked perfectly left... With a 1 # cut to dissolve a product called Bio Flame under paint or a. Shellac I sprayed was Zinser 3 # white, cut in half with the finished look will compensation!

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