climate change in the american mind: data, tools, and trends

While the weather is quite variable, the trend over a longer period, the climate, is more stable. Weather is a specific event—like a rain storm or hot day—that happens over a short period of time. Climate Change in the American Mind (CCAM) data can help climate change communicators better understand trends in public opinion, inform their strategies to engage the public, and encourage action across diverse groups of Americans. Although there are stark political differences in global warming beliefs and risk perceptions, there is a general social consensus regarding policy preferences. Climate change is the long-term alteration in Earth’s climate and weather patterns. We find that, although climate change is a highly politicized issue and views starkly differ across different groups of people, public understanding … To learn about climate change, you first must know what climate is. See also Brulle et al., note 12. In other words, most Americans rarely hear or talk about global warming. Please cite the data and article when using them in your own work: Data: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication (YPCCC) & George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (Mason 4C). 82 N. Poppovich, “Where Americans (Mostly) Agree on Climate Change Policies, in Five Maps,” The New York Times, 1 November 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/11/01/climate/climate-policy-maps.html (accessed 2 November 2018). In addition, YPCCC and Mason 4C aim to share data and tools with the climate change community, including scholars, practitioners, and decision makers, to improve the effectiveness of climate change communication in the United States. 42 S. Heald, “Climate Silence, Moral Disengagement, and Self-Efficacy: How Albert Bandura's Theories Inform Our Climate-Change Predicament,” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 59 (2017): 4–15. 80 Public opinion across congressional districts: N. Poppovich, J. Schwartz, and T. Schlossberg, “How Americans Think About Climate Change, in Six Maps,” The New York Times, 21 March 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/14/climate/republicans-global-warming-maps.html (accessed 17 October 2018). Be the first to hear about new surveys and studies. Younger Democrats are not more convinced than older Democrats that global warming is happening, but are more convinced it’s human-caused and worry more about it. Requiring utilities to produce energy from renewable sources has consistently received less support relative to the other three policies, but still has majority support (62%). Messages that capitalize on the moral values of ingroup loyalty, authority and respect, and purity might also particularly resonate with the moral concerns of conservatives.69 A recent study finds that appeals to these moral values, such as communicating that environmental protection is “a matter of obeying authority, defending the purity of nature, and demonstrating one's patriotism to the United States,” have an especially positive effect on the environmental attitudes and behaviors of conservatives.70. A number of promising strategies are discussed in the following. 36 C. Funk and M. Hefferon, Many Republican Millennials Differ with Older Party Members on Climate Change Energy Issues (Washington DC: Pew Research Center, 2018), http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/05/14/many-republican-millennials-differ-with-older-party-members-on-climate-change-and-energy-issues (accessed 17 October 2018). Some gases in the Earth's atmosphere act a bit like the glass in a greenhouse, trapping the sun's heat and stopping it from leaking back into space.Many of these gases occur naturally, but human activity is increasing the concentrations of some of them in the atmosphere, in particular: 1. carbon dioxide (CO2) 2. methane 3. nitrous oxide 4. fluorinated gasesCO2 is the greenhouse gas most commonly produced by human activities and it is responsible for 64% of man-made global warming. Climate Divisional Database provides the data for statewide, regional, climate divisions, and agricultural divisions in this graphing tool. The climate emergency has arrived and is accelerating more rapidly than most scientists anticipated, and many of them are deeply concerned. Since then, it has slowly returned to its prior levels. 78 National Research Council, Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2010) https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12783/adapting-to-the-impacts-of-climate-change (accessed 17 October 2018). In 2017, public understanding of fundamental scientific facts—that global warming is happening, that it is human-caused, and that most scientists are convinced that human-caused global warming is happening (i.e., the scientific consensus)—was similar to where it was a decade earlier (see Figure 2). According to social identity processes, people who share the same political views or identities can have a strong influence on each other's climate opinions.71 A recent study of political support for a carbon tax suggests that perceptions of how much fellow party members supported the tax weighed heavily in both Democrats' and Republicans' decisions to support it.72 Helping Republicans, especially moderate Republicans, understand that many other party members think climate change is happening and/or support climate policy (i.e., that those are the group norms) might help shift opinions and attenuate polarization within this group. Homogenization in climate research means the removal of non-climatic changes. 43 R. B. Cialdini, R. R. Reno, and C. A. Kallgren, “A Focus Theory of Normative Conduct: Recycling the Concept of Norms to Reduce Littering in Public Places,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58 (1990): 1015–26. How surveys ask about climate change matters. Climate Change in the American Mind: National survey data on public opinion (2008-2017)[Data file and codebook]. Monthly U.S. See also A. Spence, W. Poortinga, C. Butler, and N. F. Pidgeon, “Perceptions of Climate Change and Willingness to Save Energy Related to Flood Experience,” Nature Climate Change 1 (2011): 46–49; and J. R. Marlon, S. van der Linden, P. D. Howe, A. Leiserowitz, S. L. Woo, and K. Broad, “Detecting Local Environmental Change: The Role of Experience in Shaping Risk Judgments About Global Warming,” Journal of Risk Research (2018): 1–15. 18 A. How are temperatures and precipitation changing over time? The U.S. 3 (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2017), pp. The data include responses to 16 questions on global warming beliefs, risk perceptions, policy preferences, and information acquisition and sharing behaviors (see Figure 1), along with demographic and other related questions.16 The data are weighted to align with U.S. Census parameters and adjusted by sample size to account for the different number of respondents from year to year. Scientists agree—according to one “intermediate” model by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global average temperature is likely to increase by 2.0 to 4.7°F by 2100 (IPCC 2014). It is the oldest continuously published monthly magazine in the United States (though it did not become monthly until 1921). A 2018 Pew Research Center poll found a sharp increase in Americans' ranking of climate change as a top government priority, rising from 28% in 2010 to 46% in 2018.11 The increase was primarily driven by Democrats (+27 percentage points since 2010), with relatively smaller changes among Republicans (+7 points). They are used by governments, the news media, companies, educators, and advocacy organizations to make strategic decisions and develop communication campaigns, programs, and messages to engage different constituencies.15. The new Pew Research Center survey takes a different approach to measuring people’s beliefs about the causes of global climate change and thus is not directly comparable to past Center surveys.The new questions allow respondents to rate how much human activity and natural patterns in the Earth’s climate cycles contribute to climate change. This “climate spiral of silence” has important implications for how people individually and collectively respond to climate change.22 Previous research finds a positive relationship between discussing global warming and feelings of efficacy about addressing the problem.23 It is also likely that hearing about global warming in the media and talking about it are linked to other beliefs and attitudes about the issue.24 As shown in Figures 5a and 5b, people who often or occasionally discuss global warming with family and friends consistently have a greater understanding of global warming, higher risk perceptions, and stronger support for mitigation policies than people who rarely or never discuss it.25 The pattern is similar among people who hear about global warming in the media at least several times a year, as compared to people who rarely hear about it (i.e., never or once a year or less often). Learn More. Things that we depend upon and value — water, energy, transportation, wildlife, agriculture, ecosystems, and human health — are experiencing the effects of a changing climate. doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/W36GN, Article: Ballew, M. T., Leiserowitz, A., Roser-Renouf, C., Rosenthal, S. A., Kotcher, J. E., Marlon, J. R., Lyon, E., Goldberg, M. H., & Maibach, E. W. (2019). 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Although a large body of research has investigated the influence of communication on public engagement with climate change, few studies have investigated the role of interpersonal discussion. Dismiss newsletter form See also E. U. Weber and P. C. Stern, “Public Understanding of Climate Change in the United States,” American Psychologist 66 (2011): 315–28. Equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the waters off the Horn of Africa were ominously.... Aug 29, 2019 global warming as a risk have increased across the board ) the! 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