calcio fiorentino rules

The referee and the six linesmen officiate the match in collaboration with the Judge Commissioner, who remains off the field. excluded Saturday, Sunday and holiday days, © Insidecom s.r.l. Best described as a sporting event with deep roots and historical significance, this event is a combination of soccer, rugby, and wrestling all while played in traditional costume and is considered one of the craziest festivals in Italy. Calcio Storico Fiorentino, la disciplina que dio pie al deporte más famoso del mundo.. Existen muchas teorías acerca del origen del fútbol, algunos dicen que se creó en Inglaterra o en Irlanda pero que se perfeccionó en Holanda, hay los que dicen que nació en Escocia y hasta los mismos Galeses defienden sus argumentos manifestando que fueron ellos mismos. Calcio Fiorentino / Calico Storico Calcio fiorentino, also known as calico storico which means historic football, and giuoco del calcio fiorentino (Florentine kick game). !,there's more chance of meeting the Pope!.Box office is useless when trying to purchase online,basically you CANT!...We tried everything,trolling around bars,asking shop owners,tour guides,police even got a guy that was organising the setting up of the stands … On this day, as well as watching the final of the Florentine Football match when the two remaining Calcio Storico Fiorentino teams amongst the historical districts in Florence challenge each other, the city will be revealed to you in another amazing way. The players can use every part of their body in the game. There it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino ("Florentine kick game") or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. A goal is called a caccia and it’s scored by throwing the ball over the designated spot at the end of the field. The four teams of the historical neighborhoods of the city play against each other, first in two semi-finals and then the final match to determine the winner. During the fifty minutes you have to determine who has achieved the highest number of hunts, becoming the undisputed winner of Costume football in Florence for that year. It is not that difficult ... At this point, we try to figure out how this event is played and above all .... what are the Calcio Storico teams? If you choose to take part in the final, a busy day ahead is to be expected: a parade in historical costumes through the historic centre of Piazza Santa Maria Novella to arrive in Piazza Santa Croce. However, due to often fatal injuries, sucker punches and kicks to the head are currently banned. The teams of 27 players each fight for a victory using both hands and feet for passing and controlling the ball. In the 2017 film Lost In Florence, Brett Dalton plays a former college football star who travels to Italy and becomes involved in playing Calcio Fiorentino. Follow the procession and try to identify, among the costumed characters, who is taking part! Calcio storico fiorentino is definitely a violent spectacle but this does not mean that everything goes. [4] Today, three matches are played each year in Piazza Santa Croce in Florence in the 3rd week of June. A variation of Calcio Fiorentino was most likely played in the 15th century as well, as a match was organized on the Arno river in 1490, notable as a day so cold the waters were completely frozen. [7], Episode 1 of the 2020 Netflix series Home Game is dedicated to Calcio Storico, featuring behind-the-scenes player vignettes contemporary to the 2019 Reds-versus-Whites final match. Throwing of punches, elbows, and headbutts are all legal according to official rules, as is choking an opponent. ORIGINS The Calcio Fiorentino history is an ancient game: since the 15th century an activity that combined today's sports such as football, rugby and, if desired, also wrestling was practiced in Florence! Each team has 27 players and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. It is worth noting that in the historic Calcio Fiorentino fights and violence is not a rare thing! Calcio Storico Fiorentino is a combination of rugby, football and rough-and-tumble. Its combative style requires a unique type of athleticism from its players. The first was written by the noble Giovanni de’ Bardi in the late 16th century: each team must have twenty-players, both hands and feet can be used, the game is played by kicking the ball in a chosen place within the field. The teams change sides with every caccia or goal scored. The month of June is a particularly interesting time to visit the city of Florence and watch the traditional football in Florence in Costume which ends on 24th June with the festival of the patron Saint John. However, in 1930 it was reorganized as a game in Kingdom of Italy,[1] under Benito Mussolini. During the 1500s, the game became notorious beyond Italy for its violent nature. Calcio fiorentino (Florentine football), or Calcio storico (historical football), depending upon whom you ask, is basically a soccer-rugby hybrid held in the famous Piazza Santa Croce every year. In addition to providing historical information, the episode depicts interviews with players from both teams. The small range of treatises on calcio fiorentino from the 15th to 18th centuries have allowed for a fairly complete recreation of the rules. The Calcio Storico Fiorentino is one of the most enjoyable events that take place in Tuscany. The official rules of calcio storico were written in 1580 by Giovanni de Bardi, a count from Florence. The Captain and Standard Bearer's tent sits at the center of the goal net. Since 2011, some organizers of the event have decided to also allow young female players to join this old sporting tradition of Florence. Matches last 50 minutesand are played on a field that is covered in sand and twice as long as it is wide (approximately 80 x 40 meters ). This is pretty much where the rules end. Each year in the Piazza Santa Croce, the four 'quartieres' of the city play a series of football matches using the original rules, as developed in Florence during the 15th century. Consiste in un gioco a squadre che si effettua con un pallone [2] gonfio d'aria [3] e da molti è considerato come il padre del gioco del calcio , anche se almeno nei fondamentali ricorda molto più il rugby . Just spent a very very frustrating weekend in Florence trying to see the Calcio.Do not waste your time trying to get tickets!! In 1574 Henry III of France attended a game of "bridge fighting" – put on in his honor during a visit to Venice. Today, the historic Florentine soccer may seem at times violent, but it is nothing compared to the style of the ancient Latins! Over the centuries, there have been numerous sources that testify to the presence of the Calcio Storico Fiorentino as early as the 15th century. The occupation of public spaces by young people was regulated, later, to avoid disturbances and problems in the organization of the city; in this way the squares became the officially designated places to play football. Originally the calcio (which is also the name for modern day football/ soccer in Italy) was played for rich Among the important Calcio Fiorentino rules it is interesting that the Costume football in Florence features a Moral Code of Footballer, which recalls the codes of chivalry of the Middle Ages. The game has a long and fabled history that has been preserved and is still celebrated every year. A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. The aim of the game is to score more points (called “cacce“) than the opposing team. 2 hours and 30 minutes +39 041 8877441 More recently, in the 20th century the Calcio Fiorentino game was played on 4th May 1930 with the purpose of remembering the siege of Florence more than four hundred years before. Players compete through a total of three matches, two semi-finals and a final which decrees the district winner. Players can use both their hands and feet to play. It is an early form of football which was developed in 16th century Italy. Calcio was reserved for rich aristocrats who played every night between Epiphany and Lent. Il calcio fiorentino considerato anche il padre del gioco del calcio è una disciplina sportiva che riecheggia un gioco latino definito harpastum. They do not actively participate in the game, but can organize their teams and occasionally act as caccas (referees), mainly to calm down their players or to stop fights. The Calcio Storico Fiorentino players could, therefore, take revenge on those nobles who lived the game as an aesthetic moment in which to show off their precious clothes thereby losing the recreational and authentic aspect from which this street sport was born. The fascist ruler Alessandro Pavolini, at the height of the propaganda, decided to organize an official tournament between the main districts of the city and set up a costume parade. In the sixth episode from the second season of Syfy Channel's HAPPY! If the attacker shoots over the goal bar, the opposite team gain an half point (“mezza-caccia”). Renaissance-costumed savagery is played out among Florence’s four historic neighbourhoods over a series of early summer matches, culminating in a final game on June 24, feast day of Florence’s patron saint John the Baptist. Calcio Storico is an annual event that takes place every June in Florence, Italy. Also later the Romans, imitating the Greeks, began to train with the game called harpastum (taken from the Greek term, indicating the action of 'pulling strongly'). [citation needed], On another famous occasion, the city of Florence held a match on February 17, 1530, in defiance of the imperial troops sent by Charles V, as the city was under siege. Il calcio fiorentino è un gioco a squadre che ricorda molto il rugby chiamato anche calcio in livrea.. Il calcio storico fiorentino nasce a Firenze nel 16° secolo, un gioco tradizionale che ad oggi appare come una … This is because just about any type of contact is legal, from punches to … Florence began to be the scene of numerous clashes between the people, often divided into teams, and headed by the most illustrious personalities of the Florentine families. The game rules are simple: two teams occupy halves of the sandy arena. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. The games could get violent as teams vied to score goals. Il calcio storico fiorentino, conosciuto anche col nome di calcio in livrea o calcio in costume, è una disciplina sportiva che riecheggia un gioco che in latino era chiamato harpastum. Residents were invited to attend as spectators to watch from the stands built around the city square. The referee, above everyone else, is the Master of the Field, and is responsible for making sure the game runs smoothly, stepping into the field only to maintain discipline and reestablish order when fights occur. The players are divided into four goalkeepers, three fullbacks, five midfielders and fifteen attackers which shows where modern football comes from! The difference with the Greek game consisted in the high level of competition among the participants, a feature that was already part of the Roman soldiers’ characters! (titled "Pervapalooza"), the demon Orcus references Calcio Storico while trapped inside Blue Scaramucci's body. The players must be conscious of their role and worthy of enjoying the esteem of others. The Costume football in Florence match recalls this demonstration of freedom and independence that was declared thanks to the game in Piazza Santa Croce. The teams are made up of 4 Datori indietro (goalkeepers), 3 Datori innanzi (fullbacks), 5 Sconciatori (halfbacks), 15 Innanzi or Corridori (forwards). It's not every day that there is the opportunity to admire the Ponte Vecchio illuminated by thousands of lights and colours! In Episode 4: Judgement Day of the tv series, Medici: Masters of Florence, the main characters engage in a game of Calcio Fiorentino in the main square of Florence during a flashback sequence. There are four teams which represent the historic districts of the city: the Whites of Santo Spirito, the Azzurri of Santa Croce, the Reds of Santa Maria Novella and the Greens of St Giovanni. The trophy to be won consists of a Chianina pure breed calf! Throughout the Medici age, what had been a popular pastime was reorganized and became a discipline practiced by the noble classes. Like rugby, the Calcio Storio rules meant that the body had to defend the ball from opponents and clashes could be very hard. Calcio Storico is an ancient form of football played each year in Florence, Italy, where teams of 27 try to get the ball to the opponents' goal 'by any means necessary'. Calcio Storico Fiorentino: The historic Italian sport that combines football and rugby with wrestling. Calcio fiorentino is a true contact sport. The playing field is set up in Piazza Santa Croce (as was the case for the traditional Florentine football game since the 15th century) the same dusty ground of the Renaissance is recreated, surrounded by grandstands for spectators, the only modern elements of the re-enactment! The Calcio Storico – historic soccer – was a popular sport in Renaissance Florence. The Calcio Storico Fiorentino is a combination of soccer, rugby and big time wrestling originated in 16th century Florence and played today in historical costume. The citizens of the aristocratic families, in fact, organized the games in the most important parts of Florence and added that a procession in honour of the race. Of course, as in any sport, even in the Calcio Storico Fiorentino, rules abound and have to be respected. The ancient Greeks, in fact, dedicated themselves to sferomachia, using a ball to 'fight'. [8], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "A Point of View: Sporting spectacle on the piazza", "The Mirror and the Light, by Hilary Mantel, review: a little baggy, but still brilliant", Calcio Storico: Everything You Need to Know, History of Soccer from ExpertFootball.com, Video: Calcio Storico Fiorentino Mini-Documentary, Video: GEO Reportage "Florenz, Fussball bis aufs Blut", Photo gallery: parade and match on 24 June 2008, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calcio_Fiorentino&oldid=1000694283, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, All articles needing additional references, Self-contradictory articles from March 2017, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:13. During the 1500s, the game became notorious beyond Italy for its violent nature. Location: Florence. The fact that the game is also known as giuoco del calcio fiorentino or "Florentine kicking game" gives viewers some idea of what to expect from the violent brawl/ball game. Calcio Storico is football like you’ve never seen before! During the early decades, in order to encourage wagering and achieve a bettable winner, there were times when bulls would be ushered into the ring in hopes of adding confusion and inciting victory. It is clear that the day of the game had a strong political significance, which was reiterated in the social roles between the noble players. The whole perimeter of the bottom side is surrounded by a network in which the ball must end every time. The noble character gave rise to the term of Football in Livery, referring to the livery and elegant clothes worn by the soccer players. Could there be anything better for somebody from Tuscany? Before concentrating on Florence, it is useful to consider how the Calcio Florentine game, with the use of a spherical form object, came about. Calcio fiorentino (also known as calcio storico "historic football") is an early form of football (soccer and rugby) that originated in 16th-century Italy. The official rules of calcio were written for the first time in 1580 by Giovanni de Bardi, a count from Florence. Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide (approximately 100 m × 50 m or 109 by 55 yards). They discovered this 'sport' in the campaigns of conquest and spread it throughout the empire as a training phase necessary for gladiators and legionnaires. Calcio storico allows the use of a wide range of strikes against opponents. If a player leaves the field, he may not be replaced. For decades, this violent match has resulted in severe injuries, including death. Any violation leads to being expelled from the game. Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide (approximately 100 m × 50 m or 109 by 55 yards). Many argue that the Calcio Florentino game in Florence is how the modern game arose, but as you will see, the Florentine football rules and the attitude are very different! The game begins with the first roll of the ball in the middle of the field performed by pallaio and then with the sound of colubrine (small cannons), the great Florence historic football challenge begins. Recently, there has also been a Calcio Storico Fiorentino female team! Once widely played, the sport is thought to have started in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. Despite the criticism, what looked like an absurd and unthinkable initiative has turned into a reality full of enthusiasm. di VE n° 354694 The rules of the Calcio Storico Fiorentino. It was widely played by amateurs in streets and squares using handmade balls of cloth or animal skin. At toscanainside.com we recommend you watch one of the Calcio Storico Fiorentino matches and live this historical event as a pleasant interlude to your holiday and as an opportunity to rethink what sport means, going beyond just a simple race! After dinner, at about 10pm, you will enjoy the spectacle of fireworks in honour of St John Baptist. Dating back to the 15th century, this early form of the game is brutal. A team from each quartiere of the city is represented: After playing each other in two opening games, the two overall winners go into the yearly final on June 24, the feast of San Giovanni (St. John), the Patron Saint of Florence. Usually the show starts around four o'clock, an hour before the actual start of the match. Every year, the month of June has been chosen to celebrate the Calcio Fiorentino history. The field is som… The game starts when the Pallaio[clarification needed] throws and kicks the ball toward the center line, then at the first whistle as the ball first rests on field, 15 forwards or Corridori begin fighting in a wild mixed martial arts match- punching, kicking, tripping, hacking, tackling, and wrestling with each other in an effort designed to tire opponents' defenses, but which often descends into an all-out brawl. Calcio Storico Fiorentino originated in 16th century Florence and was invented by rich aristocrats. The period designated for the games was generally that of Carnival; the famous game on 17th February 1530 in particular went down in history, when Florence was besieged by the army of Charles V. The Florentines, despite the seriousness of the situation, started nonetheless the Calcio Florentino game in Piazza Santa Croce! Location: Florence, Duration: 9 hours and 30 minutes There are four teams representing the four historical neighborhoods that compete against each other to reach the finals. To determine which team plays in the semi-finals against another there is a draw on Easter Sunday with the coloured balls. This sport is super violent, really intense and a bit confusing to watch but obviously really exciting. (Original airdate 5/1/2019), The Mirror and the Light, Hilary Mantel's novel about Thomas Cromwell, contains a description of an early 16th-century game of calcio, emphasising its brutality. The basic principles of this Regulation are Virtue, Honour, Respect, Courage, Loyalty, Truth, Trust, Clemency and Consideration . The two teams were comprised of 27 players each, and the goal of each team was to pass the ball over the opponent’s back barrier, … [1] It is also prohibited for more than one player to attack an opponent. The king is recorded as saying: "Too small to be a real war and too cruel to be a game". [1] Even popes, such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII, played the sport in Vatican City. [2], A version of rules for the game were first recorded by Giovanni de’ Bardi in the late 16th century.[3]. There are 27 players per team for the historic Florentine football and no substitutions during the game can be made. Each team has 27 players, and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. HOW LONG DOES THE FLORENCE HISTORIC FOOTBALL MATCH LAST Each match lasts fifty minutes and the team to reach the highest number of hunts (points) at the end of the game wins. Operating Offices: Although the start date can vary, the final is set for 24th June on the festival of St John. Viale Ancona 24, 30172 Venice Mestre, Italy Discover with us how the Florence, Italy historical football started, how it has changed over time and which are the Calcio Storico Fiorentino teams! 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