houston skyline wikipedia

"[25], The Allen brothers ran their first advertisement for Houston just four days later in the Telegraph and Texas Register, naming the notional town in honor of President Sam Houston. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics", "Temples of the gods: Houston's religious diversity reflects community", "Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles", "Megachurches getting bigger; Lakewood quadruples in size since 2000", "Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston statistics", "New converts flocking to ancient church in Houston", "Orthodox Christians part of diverse fabric of Houston faith", "Parishes - Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America", "Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese", "Coptic pope in Houston on first U.S. visit", "Ethiopian believers find strength in Orthodox church", "Alternative Energy in the Houston Region", "Houston Is A Tech City, Just Different Than Austin, Dallas", "Tech giant HP Enterprise moving headquarters from California to Spring, Texas", Houston surpasses New York as top U.S. export market – Houston Business Journal, Houston Passes New York to Become Nation's Top Exporting Metro Area, "United States Pipelines map – Crude Oil (petroleum) pipelines – Natural Gas pipelines – Products pipelines", "Regional Economic Accounts GDP & Personal Income", "Report for selected countries and subjects: Gross domestic product, current prices (USD)", "Study suggests UH degrees are crucial economic factor", "The Economic Impact of Higher Education on Houston: A Case Study of the University of Houston System", 2006 Best Places for Business and Careers, "Houston Foreign Consulate Representation", "International Banks in the Houston Area", "Houston is top U.S. shopping city, per Forbes; New York comes in 23rd due to sales tax, retail space", "Forbes ranks Houston No. While not located in Tornado Alley, like much of Northern Texas, spring supercell thunderstorms sometimes bring tornadoes to the area. However, from 2006 to 2016, violent crime was still down 12 percent in Houston. The Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area is served by one public television station and one public radio station. The Houston Dash team plays in the National Women's Soccer League. Leading in healthcare sectors and building oilfield equipment, Houston has the second-most Fortune 500 headquarters of any U.S. municipality within its city limits (after New York City). [169] The largest synagogues are Congregation Beth Yeshurun, a Conservative Jewish temple, and the Reform Jewish congregations Beth Israel and Emanu-El. Any buildings that have been topped out but are not completed are also included. [162], Before the legalization of same-sex marriage in the United States the first marriage in Houston took place on October 5, 1972. [67] Downtown stands about 50 feet (15 m) above sea level,[68] and the highest point in far northwest Houston is about 150 feet (46 m) in elevation. [301] Other notable publications include Houston Forward Times, OutSmart, and La Voz de Houston. Byen har et areal på 1.553 kvadratkilometer (599,6 'square miles'). TDECU Stadium is where the University of Houston's Cougars football team plays. [35], Houston is home to one of the largest LGBT communities and pride parades in the United States. In January, the normal mean temperature at George Bush Intercontinental Airport is 53 °F (12 °C), with an average of 13 days per year with a low at or below 32 °F (0 °C), occurring on average between December 3 and February 20, allowing for a growing season of 286 days. [198][199] This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the U.H. Originally constructed at a height of 651 feet (198 m), the building's height was extended in 1996. This height includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. As it pushed upward, the salt dragged surrounding sediments into salt dome formations, often trapping oil and gas that seeped from the surrounding porous sands. [271], Houston had 303 homicides in 2015 and 302 homicides in 2016. [309], Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016,[310] up from 71.7% in 1990[311] and 75.6% in 2009. In 1997, Houstonians elected Lee P. Brown as the city's first African American mayor. [179], Houston's Jewish community, estimated at 47,000 in 2001, has been present in the city since the 1800s. Individuals from some other race made up 15.69% of the city's population. Houston is a majority-minority city. To the north in Neartown, the University of St. Thomas, founded in 1947, is Houston's only Catholic university. [145][146] Houston has long been known as a popular destination for African Americans due to the city's well-established and influential Black or African American community. [9] After the Texas real estate collapse in late 1980s, the city saw no new major office buildings until 2002, when 1500 Louisiana Street was completed. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified, as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. [46] By December of the same year, Houston-based energy company Enron collapsed into the largest U.S. bankruptcy (at that time), a result of being investigated for off-the-books partnerships that were allegedly used to hide debt and inflate profits. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution – Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of Houston® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center – Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan – 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=1002185377, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 06:36. [71], Houston has four major bayous passing through the city that accept water from the extensive drainage system. The city is crossed by three Interstate highways, Interstate 10, Interstate 45, and Interstate 69 (commonly known as U.S. Route 59), as well as a number of other United States routes and state highways. Prep Leagues. Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industry—particularly for oil and natural gas—as well as for biomedical research and aeronautics. [303] La Voz de Houston is the Houston Chronicle's Spanish-language newspaper and the largest in the area. Click to view our tournament schedule, get directions to our facility, and more! Det sammenhørende metropolområde har 6.313.158 indbyggere (2010). [31] The following year, the discovery of oil at the Spindletop oil field near Beaumont prompted the development of the Texas petroleum industry. [324] A park and ride system provides commuter bus service from 34 transit centers scattered throughout the region's suburban areas; these express buses operate independently of the local bus network and utilize the region's extensive system of HOV lanes. The Theater District is a 17-block area in the center of Downtown Houston that is home to the Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas, and parks. The Outlaws play in the Overwatch League and are one of two Texan teams, the other being the Dallas Fuel. Instead, there was no increase in Houston's homicide rate between 2015 and 2016. [34] In 1940, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Houston's population as 77.5% White and 22.4% Black. [citation needed] Around 2007, more heart surgeries were performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.[305]. [187] The Houston Ship Channel is also a large part of Houston's economic base. The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) provides public transportation in the form of buses, light rail, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, and paratransit to fifteen municipalities throughout the Greater Houston area and parts of unincorporated Harris County. [158], Before the 1970s, the city's gay bars were spread around Downtown Houston and what is now midtown Houston. [302] OutSmart is a LGBT magazine in Houston and was ranked "Best Local Magazine" by the Houston Press in 2008. By 1930, Houston had become Texas's most populous city and Harris County the most populous county. In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. [13], The great majority of enslaved people in Texas came with their owners from the older slave states. Many of them near the city worked on sugar and cotton plantations,[28] while most of those in the city limits had domestic and artisan jobs. [332], Houston has the largest number of bike commuters in Texas with over 160 miles of dedicated bikeways. Find all the transport options for your trip from Houston to Skyline Park right here. Pedestrian walk bridge over buffalo bayou Houston, Texas, USA Skyline. By 1910, the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before. A system of toll roads, operated by the Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA) and Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority (FBCTRA), provides additional options for regional commuters. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. [214] The city is home to the nation's third-largest concentration of consular offices, representing 92 countries. Highway 59, and Interstate 10/U.S. The thick, rich, sometimes black, surface soil is suitable for rice farming in suburban outskirts where the city continues to grow.[74][75]. The city of Houston was founded by land investors on August 30, 1836,[11] at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou (a point now known as Allen's Landing) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837. Three loop freeways provide north–south and east–west connectivity between Greater Houston's radial highways. The museum houses the original Popemobile used by Pope John Paul II in the 1980s along with numerous hearses, embalming displays, and information on famous funerals. The Space Center has many interactive exhibits including moon rocks, a shuttle simulator, and presentations about the history of NASA's manned space flight program. [255], Houston has hosted several major sports events: the 1968, 1986 and 2004 Major League Baseball All-Star Games; the 1989, 2006 and 2013 NBA All-Star Games; Super Bowl VIII, Super Bowl XXXVIII, and Super Bowl LI, as well as hosting the 1981, 1986, 1994 and 1995 NBA Finals, winning the latter two, and hosting the 2005 World Series, 2017 World Series and 2019 World Series. Greater Houston possesses a hub-and-spoke limited-access highway system, in which a number of freeways radiate outward from Downtown, with ring roads providing connections between these radial highways at intermediate distances from the city center. [1][2][3] The tallest building in the city is the JPMorgan Chase Tower, which rises 1,002 feet (305 m) in Downtown Houston and was completed in 1982. [202] Twenty-five foreign banks representing 13 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community. The October 2013 event was held using a tweaked version of the 2006–2007 course. [260][261] The city's elected officials are the mayor, city controller and 16 members of the Houston City Council. In September 2010, Outreach Magazine published a list of the 100 largest Christian churches in the United States, and on the list were the following Houston-area churches: Lakewood, Second Baptist Church Houston, Woodlands Church, Church Without Walls, and First Baptist Church. [13][39] In 1950, the availability of air conditioning provided impetus for many companies to relocate to Houston, where wages were lower than those in the North; this resulted in an economic boom and produced a key shift in the city's economy toward the energy sector.[40][41]. Tallest building constructed in Houston in the 1960s. They paid $5,000 total, but only $1,000 of this in cash; notes made up the remainder. Beneath the layers of sediment is a water-deposited layer of halite, a rock salt. [171], The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, the largest Catholic jurisdiction in Texas and fifth-largest in the United States, was established in 1847. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:48. Downtown Houston is a 1,178-acre (1.841 sq mi) area bounded by Interstate 45, Interstate 69/U.S. A seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks links Downtown buildings containing shops and restaurants, enabling pedestrians to avoid summer heat and rain while walking between buildings. Many charter schools proportion of minorities than non-Hispanic whites in Houston 's bicycle sharing system started service with stations. Curriculum for roughly 3,000 students at its historic 19-block campus along Montrose Boulevard higher in.... Voz de Houston in 1970 specialty shops can be found in both.. Toll Road Authority one NPR member station and one public television station in the,! Building in Houston, Texas merchants profited from selling staples to farmers and the! 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